Alarming news has come to the plastic surgery community showing a connection between the recent popularity of gluteal fat grafting and high mortality rates in patients who elect this surgery. The Aesthetic Surgery Education and Research Foundation (ASERF) recently formed a Gluteal Fat Grafting Task Force to investigate these risks and called for help from the International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, or ISAPS.
Respondents reported 17,519 surgeries with 5 fatal fat embolisms (1/3448), 12 non-fatal fat embolisms (1/1449), with a rate for either of 1/1030. In the past five months, there have been 3 confirmed deaths just in Los Angeles County. There have been 4 deaths from gluteal fat injections by board certified surgeons in AAAASF (American Association for Accreditation of Ambulatory Surgery Facilities) operating rooms in the past two years, which suggests a rate of approximately 1/2250 with a range from 1/1575 to 1/2950. The overall published death rate in AAAASF facilities is 1/55,000 for aesthetic procedures.