Increased awareness of melanoma among the general public has led many people to adopt sun-protection practices, perform melanoma self-exams and take precautions for their children.

Public health campaigns advocating these and other preventive measures appeared to have had an effect, as incidence of invasive melanoma decreased among adolescents and young adults between 2006 and 2015, according to results of study by Paulson and colleagues published in JAMA Dermatology.

However, in a separate study published in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, researchers reported an increase among young people in head and neck melanoma, which has lower rates of survival compared with melanomas in other regions of the body.