What exactly is hyperpigmentation? In a nutshell, it refers to excess melanin pigment that shows up as dark spots.

Today there are more options (see: azelaic acid, mandelic acid, niacinamide, hydroquinone, etc.) for erasing that troublesome discoloration than ever before. However, lightening skin doesn’t always have one answer. Keep reading for everything you need to know about addressing pigmentation problems in different skin tones.