Equal representation for women in many medical specialties will take decades if progress continues at the current pace, according to a new study published July 29 in JAMA Surgery.

The study — led by investigators from Boston-based Brigham and Women’s Hospital — examined data available through the National Graduate Medical Education Census from academic years 2007 to 2018 to identify how gender inequities in 20 surgical specialties have changed and use that to predict how long it will take for the rates of women in these specialties to reach parity with the overall resident and U.S. populations.