shutterstock_153653267Facial plastic surgery may alter how people perceive you, a new study suggests.

In fact, women who have had a facelift or a lower eye lift are perceived as having greater social skills and are more likeable, attractive and feminine.

The results were published online in JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery.

“Our animal instinct tells us to avoid those who are ill-willed, and we know from previous research that personality traits are drawn from an individual’s neutral expressions,” says Michael J. Reilly, MD, an assistant professor of otolaryngology-head and neck surgery at Georgetown University School of Medicine who sees patients at MedStar Georgetown University Hospital, in a news release.Michael J. Reilly

Reilly and his colleagues set out to evaluate and quantify the changes in personality perception that occur after various types of facial-rejuvenation surgery, including facelift, upper and lower eye lifts, brow lift, neck lift, and/or chin implant.

The study involved preoperative and postoperative photos of 30 Caucasian women and included survey responses from 170 people. Respondents were asked to rate their perception of attractiveness and femininity, and personality traits (extroversion, likeability, social skills, risk-seeking behavior, aggressiveness, and trustworthiness) of each picture. No reviewer saw both the before-and-after photos of the same woman, and no one knew whether plastic surgery had been performed.

Postsurgery improvement was detected for four traits: social skills, likeability, attractiveness, and femininity. While not statistically significant, a trend toward trustworthiness also was seen.

“Having a facelift and lower eye lift were the two procedures that appeared to garner more favorable reviews after surgery, with the lower eye lift carrying a little more weight,” Reilly says.

He says an earlier psychological study showed that the eyes are highly diagnostic for attractiveness as well as for trustworthiness. “This may explain why the patients who had a lower eye lift were found to be significantly more attractive and feminine, and experienced improved trustworthiness scores,” Reilly says.

Attempts were made to determine if there was an identifiable factor that may have yielded less favorable responses, but no single variable appears to be statistically significant, Reilly explains. However, some patients were rated for increased aggressiveness and risk-taking after surgery. “Some might say that is negative, but others may want that look,” he says.

“The comprehensive evaluation and treatment of the facial rejuvenation patient requires an understanding of the changes in a person’s perceived aura that are likely to occur with surgery beyond just the traditional measures of age and attractiveness,” Reilly adds.

He points out that the study was small and included only white female participants, potentially limiting its application for others.

“It’s reasonable to expect that patients would like to know how each surgical procedure could affect others’ perceptions of their personality traits. As we gain more specific knowledge about what these changes in perception are, we will be able to improve outcomes for our patients,” Reilly concludes.