In a recent analysis, investigators see the percentage of female surgical applicants over the last decade is not equivalent to female medical school graduates.

Krystina Choinski, MD, and a team of investigators examined the trends in sex and racial/ethnic diversity of the applicant pool to US surgical residency and fellowship programs over the last decade. The team collected applicant and US medical school graduating class demographics from the Electronic Residency Application Service database and Association of American Medical College records. Also included were Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education-accredited surgical residencies and fellowships from January 2008-December 2018.