Cosmetic surgery is big business in the United States, and across the world. In the United States, doctors performed roughly 17.7 million procedures last year, and the American Society of Plastic Surgeons estimates they spent approximately $16.5 billion on self-beautification (this does not include procedures related to reconstruction, which are mostly referred to as plastic surgery rather than cosmetic surgery).

Many surgeons are interested in any tool with potential to boost their already lucrative businesses, and increasingly, those tools somehow involve A.I., intelligent systems that are able to learn, act, and reason for themselves.