Breast surgery proved fatal for a 35-year old beauty salon owner, Jean Huang, in Sydney last week. She died after the procedure went terribly wrong and her death is a tragic and permanent reminder that cosmetic procedures are not without risk.

Huang suffered a cardiac arrest on Wednesday after allegedly being administered an anesthetic and breast filler, at her Chippendale salon, the Medi Beauty Clinic.

The operation was reportedly performed by Jie Shao, a Chinese tourist without any medical qualifications in Australia, who is being held in custody facing charges for manslaughter. This has been upgraded from the charges she originally faced of recklessly inflicting grievous bodily harm and using poison to endanger life.

Huang died at the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital on Friday and it shines the spotlight on the murky waters of cosmetic surgery: an industry that is ripe for exploitation and reform.

Huang’s death has prompted the New South Wales Government to consider tightening regulations.

“Generally beauty therapy facilities that only do beauty therapy and don’t enter into any surgical issues are not required to be registered,” NSW Health minister Brad Hazzard said.

“The question is — is that a sufficient arrangement? Clearly there is a major problem with beauty therapy facilities that involve themselves in doing procedures that perhaps should not be done by them.”